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Spectrum: Autism Research News

Tag: fragile X syndrome

October 2020
Ralf Schmid, the research director in Neurodevelopmental diseases at the Gene Therapy Program Orphan Disease Center, loads replicated mouse dna into wells in the gel before applying electric current to test the viability of the dna.

A quest for Quincy: Gene therapies come of age for some forms of autism

by ,  /  14 October 2020

A gene therapy for Angelman syndrome stands at the forefront of efforts to treat autism-linked conditions that stem from single genes.

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September 2020
Micrograph of a mitochondria.

Fragile X syndrome traits may stem from leaky mitochondria

by  /  11 September 2020

Plugging a leaky mitochondrial membrane may help fragile X neurons to mature and function more efficiently.

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Illustration of a neuron on top of a marijuana leaf surrounded by psychadelic colors.

Cannabis and autism, explained

by  /  7 September 2020

Autistic people and their families are increasingly experimenting with marijuana to try to ease problems such as insomnia, epilepsy and chronic pain — and traits of autism. But there is little evidence for its safety or effectiveness.

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August 2020
Two mice side-by-side.

Drug improves social behaviors, oxytocin signaling in autism mouse model

by  /  31 August 2020

Mice missing the autism gene NLGN3 have altered social behaviors and brain responses to the hormone oxytocin, both of which improve after treatment with a drug that helps regulate protein production.

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Genetic test showing repeats in DNA.

Probe of DNA ‘repeats’ reveals new potential autism genes

by  /  10 August 2020

Repeating bits of the genome may be responsible for nearly 3 percent of the genetic architecture of autism.

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July 2020

Selective enzyme blocker eases fragile X traits in mice

by  /  10 July 2020

A new treatment prevents seizures and improves memory in a mouse model of fragile X syndrome, according to a new study.

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April 2020
Preteen girl taking test with assessor sitting nearby

Cognitive tests may help characterize intellectual disability

by  /  29 April 2020

Standardized tests can reliably assess memory, language ability, executive function and other traits in people with intellectual disability linked to autism.

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Illustration shows a boy with converging patterns overlapping; these lines signify autism and intellectual disability.

The blurred line between autism and intellectual disability

by  /  15 April 2020

Doctors often conflate autism and intellectual disability, and no wonder: The biological distinction between them is murky. Scientific progress depends on knowing where the conditions intersect — and part ways.

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Microscope image of Fragile X chromosome

U.S. authorizes rapid blood test for fragile X syndrome

by  /  8 April 2020

A new blood test can identify within seven hours whether a person carries the genetic mutation underlying fragile X syndrome.

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March 2020
Young teen boy is getting dressed, choosing clothes.

Long-term study charts trajectory of fragile X syndrome into adulthood

by  /  16 March 2020

For people with fragile X syndrome, progress in daily living skills and behavior tends to stall later in life.

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