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Diagnosis

Diagnosing autism is an evolving science but a crucial first step to understanding the disorder.

June 2021
Scientist with diagnostic tool, looking at many different choices, including the number 6.

How two graduate students uncovered a critical error in autism screening guidelines

by  /  22 June 2021

Spectrum spoke to the researchers who uncovered an error in autism screening guidelines that have been in use for nearly a decade.

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May 2021
Baby in mother's lap watching her mouth move as she talks.

Infant siblings of autistic children miss language-learning clues

by  /  6 May 2021

So-called ‘baby sibs’ watch adults’ faces just as much as children without autistic siblings do, but they don’t understand spoken language as well.

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April 2021

Gaze-tracking app predicts autism diagnosis in toddlers

by  /  26 April 2021

A mobile phone app that tracks a toddler’s gaze as she watches short videos can distinguish between children who later receive an autism diagnosis and those who do not according to a new study.

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March 2021
Doctor or clinician makes notes about patient during diagnosis.

Error found in autism screening guidelines

The U.K. clinical guidelines used to screen for autism contain an error, which may have resulted in many delayed or missed diagnoses over the past decade.

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Geometric figures in soft palette shows family group following a navigator or guide figure

Family navigation helps reduce disparities in autism diagnosis

by  /  22 March 2021

Training community members to help families access care increases the likelihood that children from low-income and minority groups will obtain diagnostic evaluations.

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Mother and child with doctor and computer.

Tweaking clinic protocols improves autism screening rates

by  /  12 March 2021

Automated electronic notifications can help clinics screen more children for autism, according to a new study.

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February 2021

Autism in girls: Jumping hurdles on the path to diagnosis

by  /  3 February 2021

The barriers to an autism diagnosis are especially challenging for women and girls. A big part of the problem is still the perception of autism as a ‘male’ condition.

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January 2021
Two teen girls talking on an escalator.

Autistic girls, boys differ in how they talk about social groups

by  /  6 January 2021

During conversations, girls with autism use “we,” “they” and other plural personal pronouns differently than autistic boys do.

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December 2020
Global map of 17,800 human proteins.

Proteome map identifies more than 90 percent of all human proteins

by  /  9 December 2020

Researchers expand on the already enormous progress made on the Human Proteome Project

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Two children are interacting with a toy in the shape of a brain.

How redefining autism could improve research on the condition

by  /  8 December 2020

Ami Klin wants researchers, clinicians and policymakers to think of autism as something inborn that only predisposes a child to certain traits. Early intervention can change the course of development.

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