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Diagnosis

Diagnosing autism is an evolving science but a crucial first step to understanding the disorder.

May 2020

Rare mutations in autism genes tied to intellectual disability

by  /  22 May 2020

A new study highlights the challenge of distinguishing genetic variants linked to autism from those associated with cognitive development.

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How the loss of Asperger syndrome has lasting repercussions

by  /  19 May 2020

Some people who have lost the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome say they feel a loss of identity and worry about a loss of services.

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Small child with pill in mouth.

Preschoolers with autism get few hours of evidence-based therapies

by  /  14 May 2020

Autistic preschoolers may get too little therapy and too much medication, according to a new study.

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Diagnosing autism with a camera and an algorithm

by  /  12 May 2020

Robert Schultz hopes to use technology to change how autism is studied, diagnosed and treated.

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April 2020
doctor with remote patients on screen in his office

Remote diagnosis, support could aid families during lockdown

by  /  27 April 2020

Cut off from clients by the pandemic, clinicians are turning to video conferencing and other technologies to diagnose children with autism.

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Illustration shows a boy with converging patterns overlapping; these lines signify autism and intellectual disability.

The blurred line between autism and intellectual disability

by  /  15 April 2020

Doctors often conflate autism and intellectual disability, and no wonder: The biological distinction between them is murky. Scientific progress depends on knowing where the conditions intersect — and part ways.

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Microscope image of Fragile X chromosome

U.S. authorizes rapid blood test for fragile X syndrome

by  /  8 April 2020

A new blood test can identify within seven hours whether a person carries the genetic mutation underlying fragile X syndrome.

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Microscopic view of neurons

Mutations in autism gene linked to distinct conditions

by  /  3 April 2020

Individuals with mutations in an autism gene called TRIO may have a range of conditions, including intellectual disability and anomalous head size.

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Popular autism screening tool is unreliable, study suggests

by  /  2 April 2020

A short, widely used screening survey for autism called the AQ-10 may not be reliable for measuring traits of the condition in the general population.

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March 2020
Multi-ethnic elementary school children writing in classroom.

New U.S. data show similar autism prevalence among racial groups

by ,  /  26 March 2020

Autism prevalence in the United States continues to rise, according to a new study of 8-year-old children in 11 states. Boys are 4.3 times as likely as girls are to have autism, a ratio that is consistent with previous estimates.

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